Halifax Health – Center for Urology Presents Free Men’s Prostate Health Event on September 23
WHAT: Free Men’s Prostate Health Event WHEN:...
Penile cancer occurs when malignant (cancerous) cells are found on the skin and in the tissues of the penis. Over 95% of penile cancers develop from flat, scale-like skin cells called squamous cells.
The causes of penile cancer are not well known. Factors that may increase the risk of this disease include:
Treatment Options for Penile Cancer
Your will doctor work with you to develop a treatment plan that fits your needs. Treatment options for penile cancer depend on the stage of the disease and the grade of the tumor, how abnormal the cells look and how likely they are to grow or spread.
Bladder cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the bladder. The bladder, which is located in the lower abdomen, is a hollow organ with flexible muscular walls. Its primary function is to store urine until a person is ready to urinate.
Cancer occurs when cells in the body (in this case bladder cells) divide without control or order. Normally, cells divide in a regulated manner. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably when new cells are not needed, a mass of tissue, called a growth or tumor, forms. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors, which can invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor does not invade or spread.
There are three main types of cancer that affect the bladder. They are named for the type of cell that becomes cancerous:
The cause of bladder cancer is unknown. However, several risk factors have been identified.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.
The following factors increase your chance of developing bladder cancer:
Those at risk include:
These symptoms may be caused by other less serious health conditions, such as bladder stones or infection. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, see your physician.
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. During the exam, your doctor will feel the abdomen and pelvis for abnormalities. The physical exam may include a rectal or vaginal exam.
Once bladder cancer is found, staging tests are performed to find out if the cancer has spread and, if so, to what parts of the body. Treatments for bladder cancer depend on the stage of the cancer. The stages of bladder cancer are as follows:
Treatment options include the following:
Surgery involves removal of cancerous cells and nearby tissue. Types of surgery to treat bladder cancer include transurethral resection and cystectomy.
Radiation therapy is the use of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may be:
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be given in many forms, including pill, injection, or via a catheter. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells, but also some healthy cells. For bladder cancer, chemotherapy is often administered directly into the bladder, called intravesical chemotherapy.
Biologic Therapy (Immunotherapy)
Biologic therapy is the use of the body's immune system to fight cancer. Substances made by the body or in a laboratory are administered directly into the bladder to help boost, direct, or restore the body's defenses against the cancer. This type of therapy is used only for superficial low-grade cancers that have been resected transurethrally.
The following steps can reduce your risk of getting bladder cancer:
Prostate cancer is cancer of the small walnut-shaped gland in males that produces seminal fluid, the fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men, affecting about one in six men in the United States. A diagnosis of prostate cancer can be scary not only because it can be life-threatening, but also because treatments can cause side effects such as bladder control problems and erectile dysfunction (impotence). But diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer have gotten much better in recent years.
Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. While some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly. If prostate cancer is detected early — when it's still confined to the prostate gland — you have a better chance of successful treatment.
Many doctors believe that prostate cancer begins with a pre-cancerous condition called prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). PIN begins to appear in the prostates of some men as early as their 20s. Almost half of all men have PIN by the time they reach 50. In this condition, there are changes in how the prostate gland cells look under the microscope, but the cells are basically still in place -- they don't look like they've invaded other parts of the prostate (like cancer cells would). The changes are classified as either low-grade, meaning the patterns of prostate cells appear almost normal, or high-grade, meaning they look more abnormal.
Treatment options vary based on the stage of the tumor. In the early stages, surgery and radiation therapy may be used to remove or kill the tumor.
Prostate cancer that has spread may be treated with drugs to reduce testosterone levels, surgery to remove the testes, or chemotherapy.
Surgery, radiation therapy, and hormonal therapy can interfere with sexual desire or performance on either a temporary or permanent basis.
At Halifax Health, robotic-trained urologic surgeons are ready to treat you with the da Vinci S Surgical System, a minimally-invasive surgical approach. da Vinci Robotic Surgery
WHAT: Free Men’s Prostate Health Event WHEN:...
WHAT: Men’s Prostate Health Event ...