Bladder Cancer - Risk Factors and Warning Symptoms

Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the United States. For the year 2014 it is estimated that more than 74,000 Americans will be diagnosed with bladder cancer and more than 15,000 will die of the disease. In recent decades there has been a steady increase in the incidence of bladder cancer. However, doctors are making progress in treatment, and survival rates are improving. But what are the risk factors? What are the warning signs? The following information should help you talk to a doctor about this condition.

Risk Factors

  • Smoker
  • Age 65 or older
  • Caucasian
  • Family history of bladder cancer
  • Exposed to certain industrial chemicals (certain dyes and arsenic)
  • Have been or currently being treated with certain medications such as cyclophosphamide


Warning Symptoms

  • Chronic bladder irritation
  • Blood in urine
  • Bladder spasms
  • Frequent urination
  • Painful burning during urination
  • Lower back pain
  • Inability to urinate
  • Reduced bladder capacity
  • Intense urgency to urinate


Source: National Cancer Institute